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Photo: Letter TPhoto: Tendoyn 1862, gold was discovered in nearby Montana. The following year, a group of miners shot and killed Lemhi Chief Snag and two other members of the tribe. Snag´s successor was Tendoy, a chief the white settlers revered for his work as a peacemaker. Tendoy repeatedly kept the hotheads of the tribe from exacting revenge on the whites or joining other tribes in their wars with them.
More gold was discovered in 1866, near what is now Salmon, Idaho. The town was laid out the following year, drawing miners, farmers and ranchers to the mountains and river valleys the Lemhis had claimed for centuries as their home. In 1868, with their people struggling to survive on shrinking resources as the newcomers encroached on their hunting and fishing grounds, Tendoy and 11 other Lemhi leaders signed a treaty surrendering the tribe´s land in exchange for annual annuities from the government and two townships on the north fork of the Salmon River.
The treaty was never ratified. Instead, the government pressured the tribe to move to Fort Hall, a desert reservation created in 1867 for the eastern Shoshoni and Bannock tribes near today´s Pocatello, Idaho. Tendoy refused to go, arguing that his people wanted no part of Fort Hall. They wanted what the government had promised them.

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The Idaho Statesman - Always Idaho -
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